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랜카드 드라이버 설치시 오류 질문이요~

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리눅스는 페도라4 버젼이구요

설치 하고 인터넷을 쓰려고 랜카드 드라이버를 설치하려고..
하는데요...

설치과정에서 커널헤더가 없다고 에러가 나면서
설치가 완료되지 않습니다.

시디를 뒤져봐도 커널 헤더는 없더라구요...첫글자 kernel로 시작해서 rpm으로 끝나는

파일을 다 설치했는데두 마찬가지구요...

리눅스 공부를하고있는데 네트워크 쪽은 하나도 못하고있습니다..도와주세요..ㅜ_ㅠ

아래와 같이 나와요...
Check kernel header files (not found) [ failed ]

랜카드는 Marvell Yukon 88E8001/8003/8010 PCI Gigabit Ethernet 이구요..

# ./install.sh

Create tmp dir (/tmp/Sk98IrlFbeAJmMmSGGSOAnbpL)                      [   OK   ]
Check user id (0)                                                                                   [   OK   ]
Check kernel version (2.6.11-1.1369_FC4)                                          [   OK   ]
Check kernel symbol file (/proc/kallsyms)                                               [   OK   ]
Check kernel type (SP)                                                                          [   OK   ]
Check architecture (found)                                                                     [   OK   ]
Set architecture (i386)                                                                            [   OK   ]
Check compiler (/usr/bin/gcc)                                                                 [   OK   ]
Check mcmodel flags (none)                                                                   [   OK   ]
Check module support (/sbin/insmod)                                                     [   OK   ]
Check make (/usr/bin/make)                                                                   [   OK   ]
Check archive file (sk98lin)                                                                     [   OK   ]
Check kernel gcc version (4.0.0) (Kernel:4.0.0 == gcc:4.0.0)                  [   OK   ]
Check sk98lin driver availability (loaded)                                                 [   OK   ]
Disconnect devices: eth0  (done)                                                             [   OK   ]
Remove driver (done)                                                                             [   OK   ]
Check kernel header files (not found)                                                       [ failed ]
Kernel header not found. Please install the linux header files
development package or crate a symbolic link from the
/usr/src/KERNEL_VERSION directory to linux
     Example: ln -s /usr/src/KERNEL_VERSION /usr/src/linux

Installation of sk98lin driver module failed.
Delete temp directories (done)                                                               [   OK   ]

아래 내용은 드라이버 설명서입니다....

영어라 좀 힘드네요....-_-;;

Installation Instructions for sk98lin Driver

This file contains
 1  Overview
 2  Required Files and Tools
 3  Prerequisites
 4  Preparing the Driver Installation Package
 5  Driver Installation
    5.1  Installation Mode
    5.2  Patch Generation Mode
 6  Patch Generation and Recompilation of the Kernel
    6.1  Downloading and Unpacking the Linux Kernel
    6.2  Generating the Driver Patch
    6.3  Applying the Driver Patch
    6.4  Configuring the Linux Kernel
    6.5  Compiling the Linux Kernel
    6.6  Installing the Compiled Linux Kernel
 7  Manual Module Loading
 8  Unloading the Module
 9  Driver Parameters
10  Ethtool Commands
11  Troubleshooting
================================================================================


1  Overview
===========

This document describes the installation of the sk98lin driver
on your Linux system. It describes how the installation script works
and how it can be used to either install the sk98lin driver or to
create a Linux kernel patch. The installation script can be used on
any Linux kernel version from 2.4.13 or higher.

Applying the Linux kernel patch requires an installed Linux kernel
which can be compiled and which is used along with the applied
sk98lin driver. Therefore, unpacking, patching, configuring
and compiling a Linux kernel is also explained in this document.

This document does not describe the sk98lin driver and its
parameters. For more information refer to 'sk98lin.txt' or
the sk98lin.4 man page.
***


2  Required Files and Tools
===========================

To install the sk98lin driver the following files
and tools on your Linux system are required:

- Linux kernel source available in directory /usr/src/linux

- Compiler tools (e.g. gcc)
***


3  Prerequisites
================

The prerequisites for compilation, loading and patch creation of the
sk98lin driver are:

- Any device using the sk98lin kernel module needs to be closed.

- The old sk98lin kernel module needs to be unloaded.
  Per default the installation script will do this automatically
  (if "installation" mode is selected).

- Your system has to be equipped with a supported network card.
  Without a card the full driver functionality cannot be checked.

- The kernel source and kernel version have to be consistent.
  For instance, it might be, that you run kernel version 2.4.20, but
  the header files the kernel module will be compiled with refer to
  kernel version 2.4.21. If you don't have the same kernel version,
  install the sources and compile a new kernel. It's not possible to
  mix different kernel versions!
***


4  Preparing the Driver Installation Package
============================================

Before the sk98lin driver installation script can be invoked, the
installation package needs to be unpacked:

1.  Login as 'root'.
2.  Unpack the driver installation package using the command

    # tar xfvj install-???.tar.bz2
    or
    # bunzip2 -c install-???.tar.bz2 | tar xfv -
***

5  Driver Installation
======================

1. After the driver installation package is unpacked, type the following
   commands to start the sk98lin driver build process:

   # cd DriverInstall
   # ./install.sh

2. Select the driver installation mode (see following subchapters).
3. Wait for the driver build process to finish.
   Depending on the installation mode you selected, the driver is either
   compiled and installed or a kernel patch is generated.
***

5.1  Installation Mode
----------------------

Selecting this installation mode the driver sources shipped
with the install package are compiled and the resulting driver
module object file is installed to a suitable location (usually somewhere
below directory /lib/modules/...).

No source files of the driver are installed into a kernel directory.
Only the driver module object file and the man page of the driver are
installed onto your system permanently.
           
The term "installation" reflects the fact that the build
process runs automatically without any user interaction. In case
of installation problems, the driver installation script autonomously
tries to solve the problem (if this is possible).

After compilation has finished, the initial system state and
configuration is recovered and all (possibly) backed-up system
files are restored from the initial configuration.
***

5.2  Patch Generation Mode
--------------------------

Selecting this installation mode, a driver patch is created which can
be applied to your Linux kernel (instead of compiling and installing
the driver on your machine).

Usually, a patch is applied when a recompilation of the Linux
kernel is intended and the latest driver sources need to be
installed permanently in the appropriate driver directory of
the Linux kernel.

NOTE: You still have to compile your patched Linux kernel in
      order to effectively use the latest driver sources shipped
      with this installation package!
***


6  Patch Generation and Recompilation of the Kernel
===================================================

If a new patch has been created using the sk98lin driver installation
script,
- it needs to be applied against the Linux kernel sources
and
- the Linux kernel has to be recompiled in order to use the
  sk98lin driver.
***

6.1  Downloading and Unpacking the Linux Kernel
-----------------------------------------------

Before the sk98lin driver installation script is used to generate
a driver patch, a Linux kernel needs to be installed. If you already have
installed a Linux kernel in the directory /usr/src, you can skip this
paragraph and immediately continue with the paragraph describing
how to apply the patch against the Linux kernel.

To patch the Linux Kernel, proceed as follows:

1.  Login as 'root'.

2.  Download the original Linux source code named linux-a.b.c.tar.bz
    from ftp.kernel.org into the directory /usr/src

3.  Go to the directory /usr/src and remove all symbolic links to old
    Linux sources using the commands:

    # cd /usr/src
    # rm linux

4.  Unpack the original Linux source code using the command:

    # tar xvjf linux-a.b.c.tar.bz

    After the sources have been installed, they can be found in a
    directory named /usr/src/linux-a.b.c or /usr/src/linux.

5.  If the symbolic link to the target kernel source directory
    (/usr/src/linux) does not exist, create it manually with the
    following commands:

    # cd /usr/src
    # ln -s linux.a.b.c linux
***

6.2  Generating the Driver Patch
--------------------------------

1. Run the sk98lin driver installation script.
2. Choose "generate patch".
3. Follow the instructions of the install script.
***

6.3  Applying the Driver Patch
------------------------------

To apply the generated Patch into the kernel use the following
commands:
   
# cd /usr/src/linux
# cat /patch-location/sk98lin__vX.XX_a_b_c_patch | patch -p1
***

6.4  Configuring the Linux Kernel
---------------------------------

1.  Go to the directory /usr/src/linux:

    # cd /usr/src/linux

2.  Depending on your current environment mode (console or graphical),
    you have to invoke different Kernel configuration commands:

    - In the console mode, execute the command:

      # make menuconfig

    - In the graphical mode, execute the command:

      # make xconfig

    - In the graphical mode with kernel 2.6, execute the command:

      # make gconfig

      This builds a few programs and displays the kernel
      configuration menu. In this menu you can modify several options
      of the kernel configuration.

3.  Select the options you want to compile into the new kernel.

    - For kernel 2.4.x family:
      a. Select the menu "Network Device Support".
      b. Select "Ethernet (1000 Mbit)".

    - For kernel 2.6.x family:
      a. Select the menu "device drivers"
      b. Select the menu "Network Device Support".
      c. Select "Ethernet (1000 Mbit)".

4.  Select how to use the driver in the Linux kernel.

    - To compile the driver as a module, mark
      "Marvell Yukon Chipset/SysKonnect SK-98xx Support" with (M).

    - To integrate the driver permanently into the kernel, mark
      "Marvell Yukon Chipset/SysKonnect SK-98xx Support" with (*).

5.  Select if you want to use Rx polling (NAPI).

    - To enable Rx polling of the driver, mark
      "Use Rx polling (NAPI)" with (*).

    - To disable Rx polling of the driver, do not mark
      "Use Rx polling (NAPI)".

6.  Select "Exit".

7.  Select the menu "Loadable module support".

8.  Select "Enable loadable module support".

9.  Select "Kernel module loader".

10.  Configure other options depending on your needs (e.g. SCSI).

11. To quit the configuration, select "Exit".

12. When the message "Do you wish to save your new kernel configuration"
    is displayed, select "Yes".
***

6.5  Compiling the Linux Kernel
-------------------------------

After the Linux configuration has been finished, it can be compiled.

1.  Create all dependencies (unnecessary for kernel 2.6.x):

    # make dep

2.  Build the Linux kernel binary:

    # make clean bzImage.

3.  Build all modules and install them below /lib/modules:

    # make modules
    # make modules_install
***

6.6  Installing the Compiled Linux Kernel
-----------------------------------------

When the compilation of the Linux kernel has been finished it needs
to be installed to the boot directory. In addition to this, the boot
loader (LILO, GRUB etc.) needs to be notified about the new Linux kernel.

1.  Install the new kernel by copying it into your boot directory
    by executing the commands (e.g. on Intel/x86 machines):

    # cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot/vmlinuz-new
    # cp System.map /boot/System.map-new.

2.  Edit the boot loader configuration file to boot the new kernel.
    For details refer to man page and documentation of your boot loader
    (LILO, GRUB).

3.  Reboot your system with the new kernel.
***


7  Manual Module Loading
========================

After booting the Linux kernel and compiling the driver as a loadable
kernel module (LKM), the driver needs to be loaded.

1. Enter "modprobe sk98lin".

2. If any Marvell Yukon(TM) based adapter is installed in your computer
   and you have a mounted /proc file system, execute the command:

   # ls /proc/net/sk98lin/

   This should produce an output line of the following format:
   eth0   eth1  ...
   which indicates that your adapter(s) has/have been found and initialized.
  
NOTE: For further information (e.g. the driver parameters) refer to
      the sk98lin.txt file.
***


8  Unloading the Module
=======================

Unloading of the sk98lin driver is only possible if it has been
compiled as loadable kernel module. Before the driver module can be unloaded,
all interfaces of the driver module need to be stopped using the following
sequence of commands:

1. Execute the command "ifconfig YOUR_DEVICE down":

  # ifconfig eth0 down
  # ifconfig eth1 down
  # ifconfig ... down

2. Execute the command "rmmod sk98lin".
***


9  Driver Parameters
====================

When loading the driver as a kernel module, additional parameters
can be passed to the driver for configuration.

Those parameters can be passed in two ways: You can either

- state them on the modprobe command line
or
- set them in the file /etc/modules.conf (old name:
  /etc/conf.modules), in order to force the kernel module loader
  to pass them to the driver at load-time.

NOTE: For further information about the driver parameters and their
      possible values refer to the sk98lin.txt file.
***


10  Ethtool Commands
====================

The sk98lin driver provides built-in ethtool support. The ethtool
can be used to display or modify interface specific configurations.

NOTE: For further information about provided ethtool commands and their
      possible values refer to the sk98lin.txt file.
***


11  Troubleshooting
===================

If any problems occur during the installation process, check the
following list of known problems. If you cannot find your problem
in the list below, please contact SysKonnect's technical support
for help (linux@syskonnect.de). When contacting our technical
support, please ensure that the following information is available:

- the 'install.log' file created by the install script 'install.sh'
- System Manufacturer and HW Informations (CPU, Memory... )
- PCI-Boards in your system
- Distribution
- Kernel version
- Driver version

Problem:  The SK-98xx adapter cannot be found by the driver.
Solution: In /proc/pci search for the following entry:
             'Ethernet controller: SysKonnect SK-98xx ...'
          If this entry exists, the SK-98xx or SK-98xx V2.0 adapter has
          been found by the system and should be operational.
          If this entry does not exist or if the file '/proc/pci' is not
          found, there may be a hardware problem or the PCI support may
          not be enabled in your kernel.
          The adapter can be checked using the diagnostics program which
          is available on the SysKonnect web site:
          www.syskonnect.com


Problem:  Programs such as 'ifconfig' or 'route' cannot be found or the
          error message 'Operation not permitted' is displayed.
Reason:   You are not logged in as user 'root'.
Solution: Logout and login as 'root' or change to 'root' via 'su'.


Problem:  The driver can be started, but if an ip address is assigned
          to an adapter no link up indication appears although it is
          connected to the network. It is also not possible to receive
          or transmit any packets; e.g. 'ping' does not work.
Reason:   The adapter does not receive any interrupts from the Linux
          system. This can happen when using the APIC (Advanced
          Programmable Interrupt Controller) of an SMP compiled kernel
          on a UP envrionment.
Solution: Use the Linux kernel parameters 'noapic' or 'nolapic' when
          booting your kernel. This can be done by adding those kernel
          parameters to the boot manager kernel selection menu (either
          /boot/grub/menu.lst (GRUB) or /etc/lilo.conf (LILO)).
          When you build a kernel, deselect option CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC.


Problem:  The driver can be started, the adapter is connected to the
          network and a link up indication is displayed, but you cannot
          receive or transmit any packets; e.g. 'ping' does not work.
Reason:   There is an incorrect route in your routing table or the
          remote host is unreachable.
Solution: Check the routing table with the command 'route' and read the
          manual help pages dealing with routes (enter 'man route').
          Check the connection to the remote host system.


Problem:  At driver start, the following error message is displayed:
          "eth0: -- ERROR --
          Class: internal Software error
          Nr:    0xcc
          Msg:   SkGeInitPort() cannot init running ports"
Reason:   You are using a driver compiled for single processor machines
          on a multiprocessor machine with SMP (Symmetric MultiProcessor)
          kernel.
Solution: Configure your kernel appropriately and recompile the kernel.
***


***End of Readme File***

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